Canuel, "Romantic Fear"

Reading the works of figures ranging from Bentham and Coleridge to present-day incarnations of the Gothic novel, this essay argues that the 'secular' emerged in Romantic literature less as a distinct form of belief and more as a new organization of beliefs. It claims that the crucial development for achieving that organization was the reconfiguration of penal laws, which in turn demanded a new articulation of fear among political subjects. This essay appears in _Romanticism, Secularism, and Cosmopolitanism_, a volume of _Romantic Circles Praxis Series_, prepared exclusively for Romantic Circles (http://www.rc.umd.edu/), University of Maryland.