Street of Tombs, Pompeii

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Near the end of the period, this painting reflects Romantic culture’s view of volcanoes. Much knowledge has been spread about volcanoes since the beginning of Romanticism. With the aid of this new understanding, volcanoes are no longer seen as mystifyingly hellish or sublime. Instead they are used to symbolize new, peaceful life. This portrayal of Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius is picturesque in many ways—from its depiction of small animals to the mountain’s emission of cloud-like smoke. The late Romantic painter uses bright colors and vertical lines to evoke serenity—even when painting a volcano.