Biography and Publications

Blake, Robert.  Disraeli.  New York:  St. Martin’s Press, 1967.

---. Disraeli’s Grand Tour:  Benjamin Disraeli and the Holy Land, 1830-31.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1982.

Disraeli, Benjamin. Alroy. London: Longmans, 1871.

---. Contarini Fleming: A Psychological Romance. New York: AMS Press, 1976.

---. Coningsby, or, The New Generation. Ed. Sheila M. Smith. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

---.  Letters.  Ed. J. A. W. Gunn, et. al.  6 vols.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1982-97.

---. Lord George Bentinck: A Political Biography. With a new introduction by Robert W. Kamphuis, Jr. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1997.

---. Tancred, or The New Crusade. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1870-1.

---. The Wondrous Tale of Alroy, along with The Rise of Iskander. London: Saunders and Otley, 1833.  

Monypenny, William Flavelle  and George Earle Buckle.  The Life of Benjamin Disraeli Earl of Beaconsfield.  6 vols.  London:  Murray, 1910-20.

Ridley, Jane.  Young Disraeli:  1804-1846.  New York:  Crown, 1995.

Roth, Cecil.  Benjamin Disraeli.  New York:  Philosophical Library, 1952. 

Smith, Paul.  Disraeli:  A Brief Life.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Weintraub, Stanley.  Disraeli:  A Biography.  New York:  Truman Talley Books/Dutton, 1993. 

Contemporary Reviews

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The American Monthly Magazine 1 (1 June 1833): 261.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” American Monthly Review 4 (October 1833): 279-81.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The Athenæum: Journal of English and Foreign Literature, Science, and the Fine Arts. No. 280 (9 March 1833): 150-1.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The Court Journal 5 (1833): 202-3.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The Examiner no. 1319 (Sunday, May 12, 1833): 293.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The London Literary Gazette: Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c. No. 842 (9 March 1833): 146-8.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” Monthly Review, part 1 (1833): 588-9.

Review of The Wondrous Tale of Alroy.” The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal 37 (March 1833): 342-6.

Bibliography and Criticism

Abrahams, Israel. “A Masterpiece for the Week: Disraeli’s ‘Alroy.’” The Jewish World. No. 3005 (11 Tamuz 5673/16 July 1913), 9-10. Rpt. Beaconsfield Quarterly, no. 3, 41-3.

Brantlinger, Patrick. “Nations and Novels:  Disraeli, George Eliot, and Orientalism.” Victorian Studies: A Journal of the Humanities, Arts and Sciences 35, no. 3 (Spring 1992): 255-75.

Braun, Thom.  Disraeli the Novelist.  London:  George Allen & Unwin, 1981.

Endelman, Todd M.  “Disraeli’s Jewishness Reconsidered.”  Modern Judaism 5(1985): 109-23.

---., and Tony Kushner, eds. Disraeli's Jewishness. London and Portland, Or.: Vallentine Mitchell, 2002.

Engel, Elliot and Margaret F. King.  The Victorian Novel before Victoria:  British Fiction during the Reign of William IV, 1830-37.  New York:  St. Martin’s, 1984.

Fisch, Harold.  “Disraeli’s Hebraic Compulsions.”  In Essays Presented to Chief Rabbi Israel Brodie on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday.  H. S. Zimmels, J. Rabbinowitz and I. Finestein, eds.  London:  Soncino Press, 1967.

Graham, Peter W.  “Byron and Disraeli.”  Victorian Newsletter 69 (Spring 1986): 26-30.

Guedalla, Philip. “A Note on ‘Alroy.’” Alroy. The Bradenham Edition. London: Peter Davies, 1927.

Holloway, John.  The Victorian Sage:  Studies in Argument.  London:  Archon, 1962.

Hoyt, Charles Alva, ed.  Minor British Novelists.  Carbondale:  Southern Illinois University Press, 1967.

Lessenich, Rolf P.  “Synagogue, Church, and Young England:  The Jewish Contribution to British Civilization in Benjamin Disraeli’s Trilogy.”  Jewish Life and Suffering as Mirrored in English and American Literature/Jüdisches Leben und Leiden im Spiegel der englischen und amerikanischen Literatur.  Beiträgezur Eng. & Amer. Lit. 6.  Paderborn:  Schöningh, 1987.  33-46.

Levine, Richard A. Benjamin Disraeli. New York: Twayne, 1968.

Machin, Ian.  Disraeli.  London:  Longman, 1995.

Masefield, Muriel.  Peacocks and Primroses:  A Survey of Disraeli’s Novels.  London:  Geoffrey Bles, 1953. 

Matthews, John.  “Literature and Politics:  A Disraelian View.”  English Studies in Canada 10,2 (June 1984): 172-87.

Nickerson, Charles C.  “Benjamin Disraeli’s Contarini Fleming and Alroy.”  Journal of the Rutgers University Library 39 (1977): 72-97.

Ogden, James.  “Disraeli the Novelist and ‘the Real Social Condition of the Country.’”  The Aligarh Critical Miscellany 3,1 (1990): 86-106.

O'Kell, Robert. “The Autobiographical Nature of Disraeli’s Early Fiction.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 31 (1976): 260-66.

O'Kell, Robert. “The Psychological Romance” [“The Psychological Romance: Disraeli’s Early Fiction and Political Apprenticeship”]. Dissertation Abstracts International 35 (1975): 7264A.

Poovey, Mary.  “Disraeli, Gaskell, and the Condition of England.”  The Columbia History of the British Novel. Ed. John Richetti.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 1994.  508-32.

Ragussis, Michael.  Figures of Conversion:  “The Jewish Question” & English National Identity.  Durham:  Duke University Press, 1995.

Richmond, Charles and Paul Smith, ed.  The Self-Fashioning of Disraeli:  1818-1851.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Rozen, Minna.  “Pedigree Remembered, Reconstructed, Invented:  Benjamin Disraeli between East and West.”  In The Jewish Discovery of Islam:  Studies in Honor of Bernard Lewis. Ed. Martin Kramer.  Tel Aviv:  The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 1999.  49-75.

Schwarz, Daniel R.  “Disraeli Abroad: The Making of a ‘Continental Mind.’”  Creditable Warriors:  1830-1876.  English Literature and the Wider World 3.  Michael Cotsell, ed.  London:  Ashfield, 1990.  53-66.

---.  Disraeli’s Fiction.  New York:  Macmillan, 1979. 

---. Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin’: Jewish Perspectives in Disraeli’s Fiction.” Disraeli's Jewishness. Eds. Todd M. Endelman and Tony Kushner. London and Portland, Or.: Vallentine Mitchell, 2002. 40-61.

Speare, Morris Edmund.  The Political Novel:  Its Development in England and America.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1924.

Spector, Sheila A. “Alroy as Disraeli's 'Ideal Ambition.’” British Romanticism and the Jews: History, Culture, Literature. Ed. Sheila A. Spector. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2002. 235-48.

Stewart, R. W., ed.  Benjamin Disraeli:  A List of Writings by Him, and Writings about Him.  The Scarecrow Author Bibliographies, No. 7.    Metuchen, N. J.:  Scarecrow Press, 1972. 

---.  Disraeli’s Novels Reviewed, 1826-1968.  Metuchen, N. J.:  Scarecrow Press, 1975. 

Stone, Donald.  The Romantic Impulse in Victorian Fiction.  Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1980.

Sultana, Donald.  Benjamin Disraeli in Spain, Malta and Albania, 1830-32:  A Monograph.  London, 1976.

Valman, Nadia. “Manly Jews: Disraeli, Jewishness and Gender.” Disraeli’s Jewishness. Eds. Todd M. Endelman and Tony Kushner. London and Portland, Or.: Vallentine Mitchell, 2002. 72-75.

Vincent, John.  Disraeli.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1990. 

Weeks, Richard G., Jr.  “Disraeli as Political Egotist:  A Literary and Historical Investigation.”  Journal of British Studies 28,4 (October 1989): 387-410.

Historical Background

Abrams, M. H. “English Romanticism: The Spirit of the Age.” Romanticism Reconsidered. Ed. Northrop Frye. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963. 26-53.

Adler, Elkan Nathan, ed.  Jewish Travellers in the Middle Ages:  19 Firsthand Accounts.  1930; New York:  Dover, 1987.

Adler, Joseph.  Restoring the Jews to the Homeland:  Nineteen Centuries in the Quest for Zion.  Northvale, N. J.:  Jason Aronson, 1997.

Adler, Michael. “Alroy, or Alrui, David (called also El David and Menahem ben Suleiman ibn Al-ru.”  The Jewish Encyclopedia.  New York and London:  Funk and Wagnalls, 1901.

Altmann, Alexander.  “The Ladder of Ascension.”  In Studies in Mysticism and Religion presented to Gershom G. Scholem on his Seventieth Birthday by Pupils, Colleagues and Friends. Ed. E. E. Urbach et al.  Jerusalem:  Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 1967.  1-32.

Baron, Salo.  A Social and Religious History of the Jews.  Volume III:  Heirs of Rome and Persia.  Volume V:  Religious Controls and Dissentions. New York:  Columbia University Press, and Philadelphia:  The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1957. 

Basnage, Jacques.  The History of the Jews, from Jesus Christ to the Present Time:  Containing Their Antiquities, Their Religion, Their Rites, The Dispersion of the Ten Tribes in the East and the Persecutions this Nation has Suffer’d in the West.  Being a Supplement and Continuation of the History of Josephus.  Trans. Tho. Taylor.  London, 1708.

Benjamin of Tudela.  Travels of Rabbi Benjamin.  Trans. R. Gerrans.  London, 1783.

Ben-Sasson, H. H., ed.  A History of the Jewish People.  Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1976.

Bishai, Wilson B.  Islamic History of the Middle East:  Backgrounds, Development, and Fall of the Arab Empire.  Boston:  Allyn and Bacon, 1968.

Boyle, J. A., ed.  The Saljuq and Mongol Periods.  Volume 5 of The Cambridge History of Iran.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 1968.

Calmet, Augustin.  An Historical, Critical, Chronological and Etymological Dictionary of the Holy Bible.  Tr. Samuel D’Oyly and John Colson.  3 vols.  London, 1732.  Rev. ed.  Calmet’s Great Dictionary of the Holy Bible:  Historical, Critical, Geographical, and Etymological.  Ed. C. Taylor.  3 vols.  London:  C. Taylor, 1797-1801. 

DIsraeli, Isaac. Romances by I. D’Israeli. London: Cadell and Davies, 1799.

Endelman, Todd M. The Jews of Georgian England, 1714-1830: Tradition and Change in a Liberal Society. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979; reprint, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Cardonne, Denis Dominique.  Miscellany of Eastern Learning.  Tr. From the Turkish, Arabian, and Persian Manuscripts, in the Library of the King of France.  2 vols.  London, 1771. 

The Encyclopædia of Islam.  Ed. M.T. Houtsma et al.  9 vols.  1913-38; rpt. Leiden; New York:  E. J. Brill, 1987.

Enfield, William.  The History of Philosophy from the Earliest Periods:  Drawn up from Brucker’s Historia Critica Philosophiæ.  2 vols.  1791; London, 1837.

Galchinsky, Michael. The Origin of the Modern Jewish Woman Writer: Romance and Reform in Victorian England. Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 1996. 

Gans, David Ben Solomon.  Chronologia Sacra-Profana A Mundi Conditu ad Annum M.5352 vel Christi 1592, dicta צמח דו&#1491 German Davidis.  Tr. Guilielmum Henric Voustium.  1644.

Gaster, Moses, trans. and ed.  Ma’Aseh Book:  Book of Jewish Tales and Legends.  2 vols.  Philadelphia:  Jewish Publication Society of America, 1934.

Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.  1776-88.  3rd. ed. J. B. Bury, ed.  7 vols..  London:  Methuen, 1907.

Graubard, Stephen R.  Burke, Disraeli and Churchill.  Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1961.

Hourani, Albert.  A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1991.

Jones, Edwin.  The English Nation:  The Great Myth.  Phoenix Mill:  Sutton Publishing, 1998.

Katz, David S. The Jews in the History of England, 1485-1850. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.

Kempiners, Fussell G., Jr.  “Seljuk Dynasty.”  Encyclopedia of Asian History.  Editor in Chief Ainslie T. Embree.  New York:  Scribner’s, 1988.  3:409-11.

Leiser, Gary, tr., ed. and intro.  A History of the Seljuks: Ibrahim Kafesoulu’s Interpretation and the Resulting Controversy.  Carbondale:  Southern Illinois University Press, 1988.

Levi, David.  A succinct account, of the rites, and ceremonies, of the Jews ... In which, their religious principles, and tenets, are clearly explained: particularly, their doctrine of the resurrection, predestination and freewill: and the opinion of Doctor Prideaux concerning those tenets, fully investigated, duly considered and clearly confuted. Also an account of the Jewish calendar, to which is added, a faithful and impartial account of the Mishna ... London, 1782.

Lightfoot, John.  The Whole Works.  Ed. John Rogers Pitman.  13 vols.  London, 1822. 

Malcolm, John.  The History of Persia, from the Most Early Period to the Present Time:  Containing an Account of the Religion, Government, Usages, and Character of the Inhabitants of that Kingdom.  2 vols.  London:  Murray, 1815.

---.  Sketches of Persia, from the Journals of a Traveller in the East.  2 vols.  London:  Murray, 1828.

Meyer, Michael A. Response to Modernity: A History of the Reform Movement in Judaism. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Ogden, James. Isaac D’Israeli. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969.

Peterfreund, Stuart. “Not for ‘Antiquaries,’ but for ‘Philosophers’: Isaac D’Israeli’s Talmudic Critique and His Talmudical Way with Literature.” British Romanticism and the Jews: History, Culture, Literature. Ed. Sheila A. Spector. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2002. 179-96.

Pinkerton, John, ed.  A General Collection of the Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World, Many of Which are Now First Translated into English.  Digested on A New Plan.  17 vols.  London, 1818-14. 

Poliak, Abraham N.  “Alroy, David.”  Encyclopædia Judaica.  Jerusalem:  Keter, 1972.  2:750-1.

Porter, Robert Ker.  Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia, &c. &c. during the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, and 1820.  2 vols.  London:  Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orne, and Browne, 1821-22.

Preyer, Robert. Bentham, Coleridge, and the Science of History. Bochum-Langendreer: H. Poppinghaus, 1958.

Ragussis, Michael. Figures of Conversion: ‘The Jewish Question’ and English National Identity. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Roth, Cecil. A History of the Jews in England. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964.

Saperstein, Marc, ed.  Essential Papers on Messianic Movements and Personalities in Jewish History.  New York:  New York University Press, 1992.

Schweid, Eliezer. “Jewish Messianism: Metamorphoses of an Idea.” Essential Papers on Messianic Movements and Personalities in Jewish History. Ed. Marc Saperstein. New York: New York University Press, 1992. 53-70.

Singer, Alan H. “Great Britain or Judea Nova? National Identity, Property, and the Jewish Naturalization Controversy of 1753.” British Romanticism and the Jews: History, Culture, Literature. Ed. Sheila A. Spector. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2002. 19-36.

Solomon ibn Verga. Shevet Yehudah. Adrianople, 1553.

Spector, Sheila A.  Jewish Mysticism:  An Annotated Bibliography on the Kabbalah in English.  New York:  Garland, 1984.

Valman, Nadia. “Jews and Gender in British Literature, 1815-1865.” Diss. London University, 1996.

Vital, David. A People Apart: The Jews in Europe, 1789-1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Werblowsky, R. J. Zwi. “Messianism in Jewish History.” Essential Papers on Messianic Movements and Personalities in Jewish History. Ed. Marc Saperstein. New York: New York University Press, 1992. 35-52.