Demon of Switzerland and The Man and the Monster


Henry M. Milner adapted Mary Shelley's novel for the stage twice. The first time was in 1823, and the play was entitled Frankenstein, or the Demon of Switzerland. It was produced at the Cobourg Theatre within a month after Richard Brinsley Peake's dramatic adaptation, Presumption; or, the Fate of Frankenstein , premiered at the English Opera House. A second adaptation of Milner appeared in 1826. It was called Frankenstein; or, The Man and the Monster and it drew upon Shelley's novel and a French adaptation by Jean-Toussaint Merle and Béraud Antony entitled Le Monstre et le magicien (1826).

Little is known of Milner beyond what is suggested by his publications. He was apparently a very successful playwright; his works included a great many melodramas and popular tragedies, including Barmecide; or, The Fatal Offspring (1818), The Philosopher: A Tragedy in Five Acts (1819), Twelve Precisely! or, A Night at Dover: An Interlude in One Act (1821), The Hertfordshire Tragedy; or, The Victims of Gaming: A Serious Drama in Two Acts (Founded upon Recent Melancholy Facts) (1824), The Death-Fetch; or, The Fatal Warning: A Romantic Melo Drama in Two Acts (Founded on a Well-Known Superstition) (1826), The Hut of the Red Mountain; or, Thirty Years of a Gambler's Life: A Drama, in Three Acts (1827, also known as The Gambler's Fate), Lucius Catiline, the Roman Traitor: A Drama, in Three Acts (1827), Masaniello, or, The Dumb Girl of Portici: A Musical Drama, in Three Acts (1829), Mazeppa: A Romantic Drama in Three Acts: Dramatised from Lord Byron's Poem (1831), and Gustavus the Third; or, The Masked Ball! A Romantic Drama, in Three Acts (1833).