Calves' Heads and Brains or a Phrenological Lecture

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The expansive labeling of phrenological items in this print evokes the large public debate regarding the usefulness of phrenology occurring in the first half of the nineteenth century. Social caricatures such as Calves’ Heads and Brains (1826) also complicate the gaze taught by phrenologists by associating the “gazing faculty” with suspicion, deception, education, and commercialism.