Notes - Correspondence Archive

1. #163, by John Davison (1777-1834), later prebendary of Worcester. Brougham is Henry Brougham (1778-1868), Radical Whig statesman, prolific writer for the Edinburgh Review.

2. No article published.

3. #190, on Daubeny's Letter to Sir John Nicholl on Lay Baptism, by Henry Phillpotts (1778-1869), Prebendary of Durham, later Bishop of Exeter, a strong Tory, defender of Government and in the church of the status quo. Charles Daubeny (1745-1827), Archdeacon of Salisbury, a High Churchman. Peter Elmsley (1773-1825), a classical scholar at Oxford University, submitted an article on Daubeny's work that Gifford rejected. "John" is John Gifford, originally John Richards Green (1758-1818), editor of the Anti-Jacobin Review and Magazine, an arch-Tory journal established 1798, not to be confused with the Anti-Jacobin; or, Weekly Examiner, established 1797 by men who later become coadjutors in the Quarterly Review, George Canning, George Ellis, and William Gifford. Gifford possibly quotes from Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, "A babbler, though he cannot run upon the scent, may spring the game, and, by his yelping, help to fill up the cry." The phrase also appeares in Ovid's Metamorphosis, Book I:

The less fill up the cry for punishment.
Yet still with pity they remember Man

4. #182.

5. From Gifford's comments, it appears that John William Ward, Lord Dudley (1781-1833), Copleston's friend, expressed a wish to review the work in question, a biography of Charles James Fox.

6. #144*. Taken together, the evidence suggests that article #144 was written by Olinthus Gregory and sub-edited by John Ireland and George D'Oyly. Olinthus Gilbert Gregory (1774-1841; Lewis, Dictionary of Evangelical Biography), mathematician at Woolwich Academy, friend of William Gifford. John Ireland (1761-1842), Dean of Westminster, William Gifford's closest friend. George D'Oyly (1778-1846), Cambridge theologian at Corpus Christi, Hulsean Christian Advocate. William Dealtry (1775-1847; Lewis, Dictionary of Evangelical Biography), Church of England clergymen, later professor of mathematics at the East India Company's College, Haileybury.

7. #171, review of various works, including a treatise on the divinity of Jesus Christ by Pierre François le Courayer (1681-1776), a French exile in England. His treatise was posthumously published in 1811 by William Bell (1731-1816), Doctor of Divinity, domestic chaplain and secretary to Princess Amelia, the King's daughter.

8. The allusion is to Lord Dudley, but it is unclear what question Gifford refers to.

9. Edinburgh Review 19 (Feb. 1812), 435-56, by Peter Elmsley, "Lord Clarendon on Catholics." Peter Elmsley (1773-1825), classical scholar at Oxford University. "Majora canamus" is perhaps quoted from Virgil's Fourth Eclogue. No article on Clarendon appeared.

10. #179. The friend is John William Ward, Lord Dudley.

11. #197. Reid's Life of Horne Tooke, reviewed by Dudley and Copleston.

12. #192. Roscoe's Letters on Reform, reviewed by Dudley. William Roscoe (1753-1831), attorney, historian, Whig M.P. for Liverpool.

13. Possibly William Vaux (d. 1844), prebendary of Winchester, 1831-1844. The quotation is from Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Act V, scene 2:

                                 I sat me down,
Devis'd a new commission, wrote it fair,
I once did hold it, as our statists do,
A baseness to write fair, and labor'd much
How to forget that learning, but, sir, now
It did me yeoman's service.

14. #186. "Biot's Traite Elémentaire d'Astronomie Physique," reviewed by Olinthus Gregory, with Thomas Young and Edward Copleston. Jean Baptiste Biot (1774-1862), French mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Formulated Biot's Law on the polarization of light. The Cambridge man is Thomas Young (1773-1829), physician, physicist, Egyptologist, established the wave theory of light.

15. #180*. Robinson is Frederick John Robinson, later Viscount Goderich and Earl of Ripon (1782-1859), statesman, Prime Minister; from 1810 a Lord of Admiralty.

16. Sic. #187*