Vol 17. No. 34
VOLUME 17 , NUMBER 34 (July 1817)
- This Number was published 29
Nov. 1817 [Courier advertisement, 29 Nov.
- This Number sold about 12,000
copies, including subscriptions [Murray MS., WG to
Robert W. Hay, 1 Dec. 1817; Barrow, Autobiography
- Murray MS., WG to Robert William
Hay, 1 Dec. 1817, says he hopes the next Number will be out
by the opening of Parliament (8 Feb.). He states that
Hay's prospective article bears a relation to his 'present
elegant & pleasing Art.' Perhaps #450
- Charles Robert Maturin prepared an
article on 'Harrington' for this Number, but it was
rejected. [Murray MS., Maturin to JM, 27 Sept. 1817;
19 Dec. 1817]
- Important or otherwise interesting
articles in this Number include: #433, #438,
- Number of definite attributions for
this issue: 7
- Number of probable or possible
attributions for this issue: 2
- Number of articles for which no suggestion of authorship is made: 1
CONTENTS, IDENTIFICATION OF CONTRIBUTORS, AND HISTORICAL NOTES
431 Article 1. Murray, Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in Africa by John Leyden; enlarged and completed to the present time, with illustrations of its Geography and Natural History, as well as of the Moral and Social Condition of its Inhabitants, 299-338. Author: John Barrow.
Running Title: History of Discoveries in Africa.
Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites JM III's Register. Shine says to see also Seymour 28; Moore VIII 231; and Lockhart V 29-31, 33.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 1 Sept. 1817, says he has sent the African article to the printer. Murray MS., Barrow to JM, 25 Aug. 1817, says he will look over the article on Murray. The author's discussion of the Niger River and Lake Wangara and his argument that it connects with the Nile (pp.325-27) is identical to Barrow's discussion of the topic in #337 (pp.140-51), #373 (pp.469-71), #410 (pp.317-19), #457 (pp.347-49), and #544 (passim). Article #410, and the discussion of the Niger in particular, is referred to in this article on p.326. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.
JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow and with the following note: 'from a letter of JB's Sept 1, 1817.'
Summary: Surveys the disastrous 1816 Niger expedition under Major Peddie that was organized by Barrow and others.
432 Article 2. Heber, Personality and Office of the Christian Comforter asserted and explained, in a Course of Sermons on John xvi.7. preached before the University of Oxford in the year 1815, at the Lecture founded by the late Rev. John Bampton, M.S. Canon of Salisbury, 338-47. Author: George D'Oyly.
Running Title: Heber's Bampton Lectures.
Notes: In attributing the article to D'Oyly, Shine cites D'Oyly 24: 'George D'Oyly's reviews for QR include "one, in the thirty-fifth [actually 34th] number of Heber's Bampton Lectures (on the personality and office of the Christian Comforter)."'
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. On p.351 Belsham is made representative of Unitarian arguments. Compare that discussion with #354 (on Belsham and Unitarianism), which is by George D'Oyly. Reginald Heber, the author under review, contributed a number of articles to the QR. His brother, Richard, a friend of Scott, Canning, and Ellis, was a co-founder of the QR.
433 Article 3. Geschichte Andreas Hofer; Forster, Beiträge zur neucren Kriegsgeschichte, 347-69. Author not identified.
Running Title: History of Hofer.—Transactions in the Tyrol.
Notes: In the absence of guidance from JM III's Register, Shine does not suggest an author for this article.
The French invasion of the Tyrol was the subject of ER #768, Sept. 1816, possibly by Francis Palgrave (though the evidence presented in WI I is weak). Francis Palgrave (at this time Francis Cohen) contributed a number of articles to the QR.
434 Article 4. An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, a View of its past and present Effects on Human Happiness; with an Inquiry into our prospect respecting the future Removal or Mitigation of the Evils which it occasions. By R. T. Malthus, A. M. late Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, and Professor of History and Political Economy in the East India College, Hertfordshire. The Fifth Edition, with important Additions, 369-403. Author: John Bird Sumner.
Running Title: Malthus on Population.
Notes: In attributing the article to Sumner, Shine cites JM III's Register and Ricardo-Trower 46-47, 47n. The Register queries its attribution to Sharon Turner and says 'See Mr Malthus's letter Dec 1st'. Shine quotes that letter: Murray MS., Thomas Robert Malthus to JM, 1 Dec. 1817: 'I rather guess from internal evidence that the article is by Mr Sumner.'
The following evidence and information is published here for the first time. Murray MS., WG to JM, 21 Sept. 1817, speaking of matters relating to the upcoming Number, says he writes to Sumner. Ricardo Letters VII 247 indicates that the article is by Sumner. Malthus's initials appear in the article's head note as above. Malthus was a contributor to the QR. Murray was Malthus's publisher.
JM III's Register: '? Sharon Turner' and note: 'See Mr Malthus's letter Dec 1st'.
435 Article 5. Narrative of a Survey for the purpose of discovering the Sources of the Ganges; Moorcroft, A Journey to Lake Manasawara in Undés, a Province in Little Thibet; Colebrooke, On the Height of the Himalaya Mountains. Asiat. Res. vol. xii., 403-41. Author: John Barrow.
Running Title: Himalaya Mountains, and Lake Manasawara.
Notes: In querying its attribution to Barrow, Shine follows JM III's Register.
The following evidence and information was first published in VPR 27. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 1 Sept. 1817, says he will give an article on 'the Upper Regions of Asia.' BL MS. 34612 (f.66), John Barrow to Macvey Napier, 28 June 1820, says he is glad to undertake an article on the Himalayas for the Encyclopœdia Britannica supplement. It is likely that Napier identified Barrow as a credible authority on the region in part by his authorship of this article, with the information having been conveyed by Barrow himself who had been asked by Napier to suggest topics he could write on for the supplement. On page 414 and n., the article's author makes a specific reference to #360, which is on a related topic and is also by Barrow. Article #435 is referred to three times in #529, which is on the same topic and is also by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works. Tibet is spelled in the article's head note as above.
JM III's Register: '?John Barrow' and note: 'See same letter' (as that cited at #431).
436 Article 6. Les Théatres. Par un Amateur, 441-51. Author: John Wilson Croker.
Running Title: French Theatres.
Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register and Brightfield 454.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in five of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles.
JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters.
437 Article 7. Chalmers, The Evidence and Authority of the Christian Revelation, 451-463. Author: Thomas Dunham Whitaker, possibly with George D'Oyly.
Running Title: Chalmers—On the Christian Revelation.
Notes: In attributing the article to Whitaker, Shine cites only Nichols xxix. As Nichols's list of Whitaker's articles is generally but not invariably reliable, this evidence is not definitive.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Revd. Dr Whitaker' on 9 June [1817?]. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 25 Aug. 1817, asks if Whitaker has discussed Paley's plagiarisms [the author of #437 does not do so, but Paley is mentioned on p.451 of the review]. Murray MS., Book Loans Register: the book reviewed was sent to 'Rev. D'Oyley' on 1 Feb. 1817. It is possible that George D'Oyly was commissioned by WG to sub-edit the article. Murray MS., Cash Day Book 1817-1819, p. 36, dated 10 June 1817, 'Carriage of Parcel to / Rev. Dr. Whitaker'.
438 Article 8. Ellis, Journal of the Proceedings of the late Embassy to China; comprising a correct Narrative of the Public Transactions of the Embassy, of the Voyage to and from China, and of the Journey from the Mouth of the Pei-ho to the Return to Canton, &c. Illustrated by Maps and Drawings, 463-506. Author: John Barrow.
Running Title: Embassy to China.
Notes: In attributing the article to Barrow, Shine cites only JM III's Register.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Murray MS., John Barrow to JM, 25 Aug. 1817 and 2 Sept. 1817: in these letters Barrow mentions his 'Ellis article, on China.' Murray MS., WG to JM, 21 Sept. 1817: 'I talked with Barrow yesterday about China ... Ellis grows very interesting, I think, in his last part ... Barrow will comprise the whole.' On page 465 and n., the article's author makes a specific reference to #415, which is also by Barrow. In his QR articles, it was Barrow's signature practice to refer to his own works.
The embassy to China was the subject of ER #825, Feb. 1818, by John Crawfurd.
JM III's Register: attribution to Barrow and with the following note: 'See John Barrows letter Sept 2. / 1817.'
439 Article 9. Letters from the Cape of Good Hope, in Reply to Mr. Warden; with Extracts from the Great Work now compiling for publication under the inspection of Napoleon, 506-30. Author: John Wilson Croker.
Running Title: Answer to Mr. Warden.
Notes: In attributing the article to Croker, Shine cites JM III's Register; Gentleman's Magazine XXI 140; and Brightfield 454.
The following evidence is published here for the first time. Claimed by Croker in four of his Clements Library MS. lists and included in the Cambridge University bound volumes of Croker's articles. In the article's first sentence, the article's author makes a specific reference to #418, which is also by Croker. In the first paragraph of article #661, the reviewer (Croker) indicates that his article is one in a series. The other articles he alludes to are #408, #418, and #439, each of which is by Croker.
JM III's Register: attribution to Croker, citing unspecified letters.
440 Article 10. De Pradt, Des Colonies et de l'Amérique; De Pradt, Des trois derniers Mois d'Amérique; Outline of the Revolution in Spanish America, 530-62. Author: Richard Colley Wellesley and William Jacob; OR Richard Colley Wellesley alone; OR William Jacob alone.
Running Title: Spain and her Colonies.
Notes: In querying its attribution to Wellesley, Shine follows JM III's Register. Shine also quotes from or summarizes the following letters. Murray MS. R[ichard] Wellesley [to JM], 28 Aug. 1817: [Shine's summary] 'The promised contribution, which will soon be finished, will not advocate either party.' [Quarterly Review Archive editor's note: Shine does not supply the following additional details from that letter: 'The subject is certainly increasing in importance & public interest ....' Wellesley objects to the treatment of the subject in a recent Courier and states that if his opinions 'should happen not to accord with those of Mr Gifford or if the performance should not fulfill his wishes' then WG should omit his submission.] Shine also quotes Murray MS., Wellesley to JM, Brighton, 3 Oct. 1817: 'I have concluded and sent to you the article on South American affairs .... I have expressed my real opinions—Mr Gifford is perfectly welcome to make any correction in the style or arrangement....' Pencil notation on letter: '?Author of Art in Q R No. 34.'
Some of the following evidence and information was first published in VPR 28. The known evidence taken together is too conflicting to permit a definite attribution to one person or to determine the correct combination of authors. As the following letters and those quoted in the Shine volume show, WG had in hand two articles on the same subject, one by Richard Colley Wellesley and one by William Jacob. It is possible that he combined the two. Murray MS., William Jacob to JM, 5 Oct. 1817, says he delayed writing on Spain in America when JM told him something was coming up in the Review. 'I have now the pleasure to send you an article which if you should approve it may be printed.' He thinks it too long at 30-32 pages. Jacob was the author #701, on Mexico. Murray MS., Cash Book, 1817-18, p.172: 'Cancelled matter: ... Spanish Colonies 18/2; Spain and Her Colonies 5.'
See page 532 of the article for a brief statement of the Canningite position on reform: 'We are no more the panegyrists of legitimate authority in all times, circumstances, and situations, than we are the advocates of revolution in the abstract.'
JM III's Register: [in pencil] '? R Wellesley'.